The Aegean written documents have not yet proved by being found outside the area to be epistolary letter writing correspondence with other countries. A fantastic array of gold and silver cups, jewelry, and dress ornaments had been placed with the dead, especially with those in the graves of Circle A.
Of the nine tholos tombs at Mycenae, two, the Treasury of Atreus and the Tomb of Clytemnestra, have splendidly dressed facades with engaged half columns in two tiers and coloured exotic stones; they may have been built early in the 14th century, although arguments are made for a 13th-century construction.
The design impressed by the seal might add the threat of magic to that of detection if the sealing was broken.
Sometimes the bodies were then squeezed into large storage jars or small clay chests or coffins. They seem to reflect a period when the former palaces of the several districts were no longer standing, or powerful, but when the surrounding lands still produced agricultural goods that were taxed or tithed at Knossos.
Some handmade pottery may have Balkan affinities, and there is string-impressed ware at a few places that resembles in some ways the pottery of the Black Sea region.
While stone-built tholos tombs became the standard resting places for kings and princes in all parts of the mainland to which the Mycenaean civilization penetrated, the mass of the population changed from a custom of burial in single graves, whether in mounds or cemeteries or inside settlements, to the use of family vaults.
Evolved types of metal tools appear to have been current considerably before the end of the Neolithic there. Thera itself, however, had few valuables like metal; apparently the inhabitants had taken prized objects away.
These were followed by certain discoveries made in the S. As elsewhere in Europe, the latest Lower Paleolithic industries evolved into Upper Paleolithic ones with diminutive stonework.
No traces of currency have come to light, unless certain axeheads, too slight for practical use, had that character. It is known as Linear A to distinguish it from the variety of script Linear B current both in Crete and on the mainland from the end of the 15th century see below The Linear B texts.
The men were buried with supplies of bronze weaponsincluding great slashing knives and spearheads and two kinds of rapier-like swords, a mainland version and a Cretan version.
A large number of words came to be adopted into Greek from this earlier language group. Another town of great potential interest is Arkhanes near Knossos, where palace facades, early tholos tombs and later shaft-grave burials, and shrines have been discovered scattered through the countryside. There was also an extensive use of timber for columns and pillars and for the rafters supporting upper floors and roofs, which, it seems, were usually flat.
The newcomers quickly developed connections with the islands and Crete; they imported Cretan vases, and some local vases show mainland ships. The stones that were overlapped in rings to form the vault in the corbeled system were laid with a narrower face inside, which locked each ring in place.
The influence of Crete on the southwest Peloponnese is marked. French excavations there in the s led to the recovery of similar jewelry, notably a gold dress-pin with flower head and a pendant in the form of a pair of bees or wasps facing each other over a disc, which may be meant for a honey cake.
Massive Bronze Age defense walls survived at Mycenae and elsewhere on the mainland; they were called Cyclopean because, according to Greek tradition, the Cyclopes had built them.
The graves were often grouped in family cemeteries, which might be surrounded by a wall. Cretan seal designs now included elegant abstract patterns of spirals and concentric circles neatly made with the drill as well as lifelike pictures of animals, birds, and insects, together with mythical beasts such as sphinxes and griffins adapted from Egyptian or Oriental models.
These developments in Crete appear to have been the result of local evolution.
There is little evidence for Bronze Age sculpture in Crete, apart from a few small stone heads that may have come from statues with wooden bodies or a pair of clay feet perhaps supporting a dressed armature.
When this discovery was followed up inon the neighbouring Santorini Theraby representatives of the French School at Athensmuch pottery of a class now known immediately to precede the typical late Aegean ware, and many stone and metal objects, were found.
The most famous of the Shaft Grave daggers shows men armed with bows, spears, and great body shields, hunting a pride of lions; another has catlike animals chasing wild fowl among papyrus flowers beside a silver stream. Some frescoes may represent permanent magic gardens.The Aegean Bronze Age, where Aegean refers to the Aegean Sea where Greece, the Cyclades, and Crete are situated, ran from about the beginning of the third.
UNE ANCIENT HISTORY ANCH / Bronze Age Greece and the Aegean UNIT HANDBOOK TRIMESTER 3, School of Humanities The University of New England, Armidale, N.S.W., The Bronze Age, a period that lasted roughly three thousand years, saw major advances in social, economic, and technological advances that made Greece the hub of activity in the Mediterranean.
Historians have identified three distinct civilizations to identify the people of the time.
UNE ANCIENT HISTORY ANCH / Bronze Age Greece and the Aegean UNIT HANDBOOK TRIMESTER 3, School of Humanities The University of New England, Armidale, N.S.W., Book Flights Online | Official Website | Aegean AirlinesFull Service · Flexible Fares · Full Service On-Board · Official WebsiteDestinations: Athens, Heraklion, Santorini, Thessaloniki, Larnaca, Chania.
The Aegean Bronze Age. Most people agree that Greek culture is the basis of Western civilization. Ancient Greek influence can be found in our arts, philosophy, sciences, and political ideologies.Download