How many spaces after a period in academic writing

Quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Need Help Navigating the New Site? Figure 7 Figure 7, a Spanish book cover back from shows the wide space and an unusual comma after the emdash. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon Neo- 3. MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question.

This enables easy transference or cross-referencing of texts across chapters and sections when required. The manual clearly places an emphasis on the use of white space to create a pleasing document by noting spacing rules that differ from current norms such as the use of two spaces before opening a parenthesis, after closing quotation marks, and after opening single quotation marks inside of sentences.

That doesn't encourage a principled approach to speech by anyone, let alone college students. The adoption of that standard by major style manuals more or less codifies the single-space into law.


For monospaced typewriter fonts, typists once used 2 spaces to make the break between sentences clearer. Publishers developed huge distribution chains that required print runs of tens of thousands of books; type size shrank along with leading line spacing and page margins.

Many style guides do not provide guidance on sentence spacing. There are two remarkable and dangerous things about the notion of safe spaces imagined by Yale students. Madison, WI, 20 April Chicago and MLA specify one—debate ended—but the popular arguments in support of the single-space after a period arguments I must confess to having perpetuated in previous writings turn out to be mostly apocryphal.

How many spaces should be at the end of a sentence when typing?

This is likely because the double-space convention was not prescribed in historical German language guides. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2. After the original Cannae, the Romans tried to avoid battle in Italy.

This held for most of the 20th century until the computer began replacing the typewriter as the primary means of creating text.

Writing tip: How many spaces after a period?

With the Seleucids, as with the Ptolemieswe have a genealogy that gets more complicated as time goes on. A key statement in this guide, which addresses possible preferential differences between courts that require document submissions, notes that "Many state and federal courts promulgate local citation rules, which take precedence over Bluebook rules in documents submitted to those courts.

Punctuation and space—one space or two? In those terms, the nobility and genius of Hannibal Barca shine out even from the pages of hostile Roman historians.

Well, they got their conquest, but it was a near run thing. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

Milwaukee Repertory Theater, Milwaukee, April In this resource, you'll learn how to write about the visual choices that directors make to craft cinematic masterpieces. Could it be that the single-space was adopted by the book industry as a paper-saving measure?

However, except for Courier font, these all disappeared over 40 years ago. In an earlier era, writers using a typewriter commonly left two spaces after a period, a question mark, or an exclamation point. The first is the location of that space.

Safe Spaces As Shield, Safe Spaces As Sword

Newspaper article Marshall, Tyler. In typeset matter, one space, not two should be used between two sentences—whether the first ends in a period, a question mark, an exclamation point, or a closing quotation mark or parenthesis.

The following examples show that traditional typesetters without typewriters used the double-space—actually an emspace—as a convention early on. And I think they knew it. It then looked like a small abandoned lake with a few stones and columns visible above water.Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.

Now supports 7th edition of MLA.

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Important Notice: There is a new edition of the MLA Handbook (8th edition – ). Many textbooks, websites, MLA tools, and even the citation listings in the sources themselves in.

These include a normal word space (as between the words in a sentence), a single enlarged space, and two full spaces. Until the 20th century, publishing houses and printers in many countries used additional space between sentences.

I have not seen your paper, so I don’t know if you have left one space or two after the punctuation at the end of each sentence. If you have left two spaces between sentences, you will have your defenders, but others will say you are wrong.

Ironically, what makes a piece of business writing seems long to read is rarely due to double white space. Double white space, like double line space or line space helps readibility. What makes it seems long to read is the content, or just bad writing skill. Two Spaces After a Period Were you taught to put two spaces after a period at the end of a sentence?

Sentence spacing

Many people were, but now most publications recommend using just one.

How many spaces after a period in academic writing
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